Contraception

At Columbus Women’s Care our Gynecologists will discuss all forms of contraception methods during your visit.


Types of Contraceptive Methods

  • Condoms
  • Oral Contraceptives
  • Vaginal Ring
  • The Intrauterine Device (IUD)

Advantages of Birth Control

Contraception | Columbus Women's Care | Columbus, OH

There are many advantages to birth control. These include:

  • Pregnancy prevention
  • Decrease menstrual bleeding
  • Minimize menstrual cramps

What Birth Control Methods Are the Most Effective?

IUDs, Subdermal Implants, and Surgical Tubal Sterilization are some of the most effective birth control methods.

  • Laparoscopic tubal ligation – Laparoscopic tubal ligation is a surgical sterilization procedure in which we surgically block, seal or remove a woman’s fallopian tubes. Both methods prevent the fertilization of eggs. Tubal ligation is a permanent method of birth control.
  • Nexplanon – The implant is a very small rod, about the size of a matchstick that we insert under the skin of a woman’s upper arm to provide birth control. It releases hormones just as the pill does, however it prevents pregnancy for up to 3 years. If you decide to get pregnant, you simply have it removed. It has a 99% effectiveness rating.
  • Essure – Essure is a sterilization procedure that is permanent and non-reversible. We place a coil that induces fibrosis and blocks the fallopian tubes into each fallopian tube to prevent fertilization.

What Are IUDs?

An IUD or anIntrauterine Contraceptive Device, are tiny devices that are inserted into your uterus to prevent pregnancy. Once inserted, it can last anywhere from 3-10 years depending on the specific device. Hormonal IUDs alleviate many period symptoms that patients commonly complain of (decreases bleeding frequency and amount typically).

How Do IUDs Work?

IUDs change the way sperm cells moves so that they can’t get to the egg to fertilize it. The ParaGard IUD uses copper. Sperm avoid copper, so they can’t get to the egg. Hormonal IUDs work two ways to prevent pregnancy. They thicken the mucus that lives on the cervix (much like the pill and other hormonal contraceptives do), so the sperm get stuck trying to get through. And, secondly, they sometimes stop the eggs from leaving the ovaries and no egg equals nothing for the sperm to fertilize.

Types of IUDs

At Columbus Womne’s Care, we offer both hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs. These include:

  • Mirena – Mirena® is a hormone-releasing IUD that is over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy for as long as you want, for up to 5 years. Mirena can be used whether or not you have had a child. It also treats heavy periods in women who choose intrauterine contraception.
  • Liletta – LILETTA® (levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system) 52 mg is a hormone-releasing system placed in your uterus to prevent pregnancy for as long as you want for up to 4 years.
  • Paragard – PARAGARD is an intrauterine copper contraceptive device that is placed in your uterus to prevent pregnancy for up to 10 years. This is the non-hormonal IUD.

IUD Side Effects

Side effects will depend on the IUD that you choose. Hormonal IUDs have side effects including decreased menses, decreased cramping, and possibly absence of menses. The non-hormonal IUD has side effects of heavier bleeding and increased cramping.

How Does IUD Removal Work?

IUD removal is simple in most cases. If we can see strings when we insert a speculum, we simply pull to remove the device. This is quick and causes very little discomfort.

Schedule an Appointment

If you are interested in contraception and would like to learn more about your options, call (614) 755-4200 to schedule an appointment. Columbus Women’s Care serves Columbus, OH and surrounding areas.
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Our Offices


Office Hours
Monday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Tuesday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Wednesday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Thursday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Friday: 8:00am-2:00pm
Saturday: By Appointment


Office Hours
Monday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Tuesday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Wednesday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Thursday: 8:15am-6:15pm
Friday: 8:00am-2:00pm
Saturday: By Appointment