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What Are Uterine Fibroids?

Fibroids | Fibroids Pain Columbus OH

Uterine fibroids, also called leiomyomas or myomas are non cancerous growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. They vary in size, shape, and location within the uterine lining. They may be present inside the uterus, on its outer surface or within its wall, or attached to it by a stem-like structure. There are women that may have only one fibroid or many of varying sizes. The growth pattern of fibroids could vary as they may remain very small for a long time and suddenly grow rapidly, or grow slowly over a number of years.

Who Is Likely to Have Fibroids?

Fibroids are more prevalent in women between the ages of 30 and 40, however they can occur in any age. African American women have leading cases in fibroids in comparison to white women, and also seem to occur in younger ages.

What Are the Symptoms of Fibroids in the Uterus?

If you are experiencing the following symptoms, this could be due to fibroids. Some common symptoms include the following:

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  • Menstrual (pain) cramps
  • Vaginal bleeding at times other than menstruation
  • Longer, more frequent, or heavier menstrual periods
  • Anemia from blood loss
  • Pain During sex
  • Pain in the abdomen or lower back (pain can be dull, heavy, or sharp)
  • Miscarriages
  • Infertility
  • Enlargement in the uterus or abdomen
  • Difficulty or frequent urination
  • Constipation, rectal pain or difficult bowel movements
  • Abdominal Cramps

There have been cases in which fibroids cause no symptoms and are found during a routine pelvic exam, or tests or other problems.

Fibroids Treatment

Both drug therapy and surgery are options for fibroid treatment in women. Drug treatments however may not prevent the growth of fibroids, but are able to minimize your symptoms. Our fibroid treatment options include the following:

  • Birth Control Pills: Hormonal birth control methods have the ability to control heavy bleeding and painful periods.
  • Hysterectomy: This is a surgical procedure that removes fibroids that protrude into the cavity of the uterus.
  • Endometrial ablation: This is an option for women with small fibroids (less than 3 centimeters). This procedure destroys the lining of the uterus.
  • Uterine artery embolization: This procedure is conducted through tiny incisions in the abdomen. The objective of treatment is to cut off the circulation of blood to individual fibroids, thus causing them to shrink.

Schedule a Consultation

If you would like to learn more about fibroids treatment, call (614) 755-4200 to schedule an appointment. Columbus Women’s Care serves Columbus, OH and surrounding areas.